Basics of Ethics: GS Paper 4

What is Ethics, values, morality, honesty, integrity, responsibility, probative, accountability, attitude, aptitude, emotional intelligence?

Ethics

  1. It deals with human character & conduct.
  2. It’s about establishing a field of ethics based on moral principles so that human character conduct can be:
    • Just right/wrong
    • Improved as good, better, best.
    • Good character can be built.
    • The quality of human conduct can be improved, a good society can be established.

Values

  1. Values are standards of human conduct.
  2. They’re important for each & every human as they said there standards of conduct based on human preferences, beliefs & knowledge.

Morality

  1. They deal with individuals, values, preferences which they considered as right/wrong.

Honesty

  1. Being truthful, standing by what one says or does.

Integrity

  1. The very broad value which encompasses the value system of any individual in which there’s is consistency, coherence in whatever a person says & does, i.e. there should be matching of thoughts & actions.
  2. It indicates wholeness in an individual 

Responsibility

  1. The moral obligation of an individual to behave with the essence of commitment & duty.

Accountability

  1. It’s formal responsibility based on possession, power, hierarchy, laws, especially applied in the context of govt & administration.

Probity

  1. Means being upright, active, disciplined, vision in adherence to civil service values.
  2. It encompasses integrity & honesty.

Aptitude

  1. Deals with the ability of a person (potential) Largely considered inborn
  2. In general, it’s related/equipped with skill, knowledge, ability to work through deadliness, study long hours, deal with a complex situation.

Attitude

  1. It’s about orientation, feeling, predisposition of a person towards all those objects living / non-living which he/ she faces & reacts.
  2. It’s about the reaction in favor of or against objects we face.

Emotional Intelligence (EI)

  1. About intelligent application of ones’ emotions in a given situation to act in a socially desirable manner.

 

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