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Ecological niche: Definition and Types

    Definition of Ecological Niche

    Ecological niche refers to the function and position of species in relation to other species in the given ecosystem. It comprises of:

    1. Microhabitat occupied by organisms
    2. Activity pattern of organisms
    3. Resources used by organisms

    Types of Niche

    There are two types of Niche:

    1. Fundamental niche – The resources which can be utilized by an organism under ideal condition.
    2. Realized Niche – Resources actually used by an organism.

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