Definition of Ecological Niche
Ecological niche refers to the function and position of species in relation to other species in the given ecosystem. It comprises of:
- Microhabitat occupied by organisms
- Activity pattern of organisms
- Resources used by organisms
Types of Niche
There are two types of Niche:
- Fundamental niche – The resources which can be utilized by an organism under ideal condition.
- Realized Niche – Resources actually used by an organism.