History is the synthetic form of “Iti-ha-aas” words. Which means it definitely happened. According to this account, the accounts of the past, which we can authenticate with confidence, can be classified as history.
Generally, the general public recognizes the knowledge related to events as history. The knowledge of the cause and effect series is necessary in the interpretation of the event, this has been the basic basis of Indian history thinking.
According to the changing situation of each era, the nature of history-contemplation has been changing. In the twentieth century, the nature of history-thinking began to become scientific.
According to Collingwood and Croce, historical knowledge is the source of human knowledge. Croche has called all history as present history, because every historian looks at the past from the present point of view. Collingwood’s famous phrase is- ‘All history is the history of ideas.’
In this way historians tried to bring to light the hidden mysteries of history. The nature of history began to become universal in the twentieth century. History started being written in the environment of world fraternalism.