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Throw light on the Historicism

    The perfection of the past is the present, because the present has emerged from the womb of the past. This approach awakened a new consciousness and yearning in the human heart and man looked at the angles of the past to understand himself in the context of the present. After the French Revolution of 1789, for a century and a half, history-theories and concepts most influenced, changed and controlled European ideologies. After many arguments, a concept related to history was decided that the real nature of any thing can be estimated in the speed of its development process. The pace of development is not found in nature, but in society. This is the subject matter of history study.

    Historicism is a mode of investigation of the past. Among the enlightened philosophical historians of the eighteenth century, Voltaire, Turgo and Condorse have used historiography in their exploration of the past. He believed that human nature was changeable according to circumstances. This. In this way, by accepting the process of development, these people prepared the background of a new revolution in European thought. The study of history before the nineteenth century had the greatest influence on the human mental process as a branch of knowledge. Gudo de Ruggiero wrote about his historiographical concept—the process of evolution through the historical mode of spiritual creation.

    If the philosopher tried to find the development process of spirituality in the past, then historians have presented the development process of human mind and society. Almost everyone says that the present age is the scientific age, it means from the historical era, historians have called it the era of historiography. The role of a long-term effort has contributed to the scientific age of today. To gain knowledge of this is Historicism. In the process of development, two main elements – Change and Construction are always active, due to the interprocess of these elements, new achievements are achieved.

    Philosophical historians have tried to trace the evolution of human spirituality on the one hand and the gradual development of material achievements of human society on the other. The efforts of historians had a happy result. The observation of the past to understand the present became historiography. Some of the historians were pessimistic. Hegel did not believe in the usefulness of history. According to him there are no elements of education in history. When Napoleon Bonaparte asked the historians, they called history useless. History is a dark cell in the eyes of Henry Ford. These historical facts compelled scholars like P. Lipan to assert that who can claim with respect to historiography today that historiography is the ultimate goal of accurate knowledge and philosophy of life and thought. If historiography is accepted as the criterion of human progress and development, then on the other hand the events of history have proved to be a curse for human society. The horrific aftermath of the First World War (1914) and the economic crises between 1920–30 resulted in the suffering of countless people. Can it be termed as human social development? These events led Carl A. Scholars like Popper (Karl A. Popper) were forced to write Poverty of Historicism. He meant that if man had learned from the past, he could have saved the society from the devastating effects of the First World War. The wounds of the First World War had not even healed, that in twenty years the horrors of the Second World War (1939) caused great suffering to man. Can it be considered an indicator of a developed society and progress? Infuriated by historiography, Charles Oommen called it toxic history. The constant conflict between Arab-Jews and the oppression of majority blacks by minority whites in South Africa cannot be said to be the signs of progress and developed society. These tragic events in history confirm the poverty-related concept of historiography.

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    History as Knowledge:

    According to E. H. Carr, Karl Popper refers to every idea of his dislike as Historicism. In the view of Hegel and Karl Marx, all the elements in the world (matter and conscious) are always in conflict. As a result of this struggle the old ends and the new emerges. This sequence of history is always active. Toynbee has also accepted this – the atomic elements of social development and progress are continuously working. At the end of one society and culture, their place is taken by another society and culture. Toynbee has also confirmed the dialectical view of Hegel and Marx. Karl Popper’s concept of historicism is confusing and ambiguous. M. C. D. Archie has used historiography in the same sense as historiography. When Trialtes used historiography, it meant historical knowledge and experiences. There were two main tendencies of this concept—historical knowledge and nature-related knowledge.

    Philosophical historians have tried to trace the evolution of human spirituality on the one hand and the gradual development of material achievements of human society on the other. The efforts of historians had a happy result. The observation of the past to understand the present became historiography. Some of the historians were pessimistic. Hegel did not believe in the usefulness of history. According to him there are no elements of education in history. When Napoleon Bonaparte asked the historians, they called history useless. History is a dark cell in the eyes of Henry Ford. These historical facts compelled scholars like P. Lipan to assert that who can claim with respect to historiography today that historiography is the ultimate goal of accurate knowledge and philosophy of life and thought. If historiography is accepted as the criterion of human progress and development, then on the other hand the events of history have proved to be a curse for human society. The horrific aftermath of the First World War (1914) and the economic crises between 1920–30 resulted in the suffering of countless people. Can it be termed as human social development? These events led Carl A. Scholars like Popper (Karl A. Popper) were forced to write Poverty of Historicism. He meant that if man had learned from the past, he could have saved the society from the devastating effects of the First World War. The wounds of the First World War had not even healed, that in twenty years the horrors of the Second World War (1939) caused great suffering to man. Can it be considered an indicator of a developed society and progress? Infuriated by historiography, Charles Oommen called it toxic history. The constant conflict between Arab-Jews and the oppression of majority blacks by minority whites in South Africa cannot be said to be the signs of progress and developed society. These tragic events in history confirm the poverty-related concept of history. History as Knowledge: According to E. H. Carr, Karl Popper refers to every idea of his dislike as Historicism. In the view of Hegel and Karl Marx, all the elements in the world (matter and conscious) are always in conflict. As a result of this struggle the old ends and the new emerges. This sequence of history is always active. Toynbee has also accepted this – the atomic elements of social development and progress are continuously working. At the end of one society and culture, their place is taken by another society and culture. Toynbee has also confirmed the dialectical view of Hegel and Marx. Karl Popper’s concept of historicism is confusing and ambiguous. M. C. D. Archie has used historiography in the same sense as historiography. When Trialtes used historiography, it meant historical knowledge and experiences. There were two main tendencies of this concept—historical knowledge and nature-related knowledge.

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